Perceived risk and parental coronavirus anxiety in healthcare workers: a moderated mediation role of coronavirus fear and mental well-being

Yıldırım M., Özaslan A., Arslan G.

Psychology, Health and Medicine, vol.27, no.5, pp.1095-1106, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/13548506.2021.1871771
  • Journal Name: Psychology, Health and Medicine
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, ASSIA, PASCAL, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, Educational research abstracts (ERA), EMBASE, MEDLINE, Psycinfo, SportDiscus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1095-1106
  • Keywords: Coronavirus risk, coronavirus fear, mental well-being, parental coronavirus anxiety, healthcare workers
  • Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University Affiliated: No


© 2021 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.This study aimed to examine the associations between perceived coronavirus risk, coronavirus fear, mental well-being and parental coronavirus anxiety, as well as the mediating role of coronavirus fear and moderating role of mental well-being. The sample comprised 189 healthcare workers (M = 33.06 ± 6.92), who were treating patients with COVID-19 in a pandemic hospital in Turkey. Ninety-one participants were males and 98 females. Participants completed measures of perceived coronavirus risk, coronavirus fear, mental well-being and parental coronavirus anxiety. Parental Coronavirus Anxiety Scale had a one-factor structure, with satisfactory reliability. Main findings showed that coronavirus fear mediated the relationship between coronavirus risk and parental coronavirus anxiety. Mental well-being moderated the effect of coronavirus risk on parental coronavirus anxiety. The mediation effect of coronavirus fear was moderated by mental well-being. These findings explain why and when mental well-being-based interventions could be effective in reducing perceived coronavirus risk, fear and parental coronavirus anxiety about their children.