Mouse Paternal RNAs Initiate a Pattern of Metabolic Disorders in a Line-Dependent Manner


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Satir-Basaran G., Kianmehr L., Mehmetbeyoglu E., Korkmaz Bayram K., Memis M., Yilmaz Z., ...More

Frontiers in Genetics, vol.13, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.3389/fgene.2022.839841
  • Title of Journal : Frontiers in Genetics
  • Keywords: diet, DNA/RNA hybrids, Dnmt2, epigenetic, miRNAs, mouse, non-coding RNAs, sperm

Abstract

Copyright © 2022 Satir-Basaran, Kianmehr, Mehmetbeyoglu, Korkmaz Bayram, Memis, Yilmaz, Tufan, Taheri, Kelestimur and Rassoulzadegan.A wide range of diseases result from environmental effects, and the levels of many native transcripts are altered. The alteration of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) and transmission of the variation to the next generation is increasingly recognized as a marker of disease. However, the determining signals and mechanisms of RNA-induced heritability remain unclear. We performed functional tests with four different genotypes of mice maintained on a high-fat diet to trace the transfer of the obesity/diabetes phenotype to the next generation in order to detect common signals. Two founders of four mouse lines (B6/D2 hybrid and Dnmt2−/−C57BL/6) resist and do not change their phenotype while their sperm RNAs after microinjection into fertilized mouse eggs transfer the newly acquired phenotypes in a susceptible inbred line (C57BL/6 or Balb/c). Unexpectedly, in the same line of experiments, sperm RNA from animals raised on a normal diet when mixed with the sperm RNA from animals raised on a diet high in fat or synthetic miR-19b (inducer of obesity) affects or prevents the development of obesity and diabetes. However, it remains unclear what happens to ncRNA signaling under diet. With a comprehensive new analysis of the transcripts maintained as an RNA/DNA hybrid in sperm, we suggest that a fraction of the RNAs are stably attached to the genome. Thus, we propose that changes in the dynamics of ncRNA retention on DNA by factors such as transcriptional variations or lack of adequate methylation could serve as molecular markers to trace these epigenetics events.