Aromatic thermosetting copolyester foam core and aluminum foam face three-layer sandwich composite for impact energy absorption

Bakir M., Bahceci E., Meyer J. L., Economy J., Jasiuk I.

Materials Letters, vol.196, pp.288-291, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 196
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.matlet.2017.03.116
  • Journal Name: Materials Letters
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.288-291
  • Keywords: Aluminum foam, ATSP, Energy absorption, In situ bonding, Sandwich composite
  • Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University Affiliated: No


In this work, we introduce a three-layer sandwich composite structure having an aromatic thermosetting copolyester (ATSP) foam core with two aluminum foam face layers joined together by an in situ generated foaming mechanism. The ATSP foam core was synthesized on-site between the aluminum foam layers via a heat-induced polycondensation reaction. Upon curing, the ATSP foam core adhered to the aluminum foam layers through an interfacial compatibility-enabled chemical bonding. Lap shear experiments demonstrated that the bond strength clearly surpassed the tensile performance of the bare aluminum foam parts. Drop-weight impact tests showed that the three-layer sandwich structure could absorb four times the impact energy as compared to the bare aluminum foam of the same overall thickness.