IEEE Communications Letters, vol.24, no.9, pp.2070-2074, 2020 (SCI-Expanded)
© 1997-2012 IEEE.In this study, power-domain non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) is combined with zero-forcing (ZF) vertical Bell Labs layered space-time (V-BLAST) technique. Motivated by the fact that the successive interference cancellation (SIC) is a pivotal element in either technique, we thoroughly investigate the impact of SIC on inter-user and inter-layer interference. A two-user downlink scenario is investigated where a multi-antenna base station with no instantaneous channel state information simultaneously communicates with two users each with multiple antennas. The average sum rate of the considered system is analytically derived in an exact form. Correspondingly, the power allocation value on each substream is optimized such that the average sum rate is maximized. We show that when the classical power-domain NOMA idea is incorporated into the ZF V-BLAST algorithm, the far user cannot completely cancel inter-layer interference. Nonetheless, the proposed approach turns out to yield an average sum rate performance near to that of a higher-complexity method based on maximum likelihood detection.