An efficient wide flatness gain bandwidth with parallel hybrid fiber amplifier


GÜRKAYNAK İ. A. , AL-MASHHADANI T. F. A. , Al-Mashhadani M. K. S. , Ali M. H. , GÜNDÜZ A. E. , YÜCEL M., ...More

Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/mop.33082
  • Title of Journal : Microwave and Optical Technology Letters
  • Keywords: EDFA, multi-Raman pump, parallel HFA, RFA

Abstract

© 2021 Wiley Periodicals LLC.In this article, we experimentally propose an efficient wide flat gain bandwidth with a parallel hybrid fiber amplifier. The setup includes parallel amplifier branches. In the first branch, serial erbium-doped and Raman fiber amplifiers are used. In the second branch, only a Raman fiber amplifier is used. Three Raman pump power units (i.e., 1410, 1480, and 1495 nm) are used to achieve Raman gain at different optical communication bands. At optimum pump powers and at a small-signal power of −30 dBm, an average gain of 18.5 dB with a maximum gain variation of 3 dB and a gain flatness bandwidth of 83 nm, that is, from 1527 to 1610 nm, is achieved. This gain flatness is expanded to 92 nm (1525–1617 nm) at a large input signal power of −5 dBm with an average gain level of 13 dB. In our proposed amplifier, the Raman amplification peaks (1510 and 1595 nm) are chosen to be far from the erbium amplification peak (1530–1570 nm) in order to avoid the overlapping and the saturation in the first amplifier branch. Therefore, due to such wavelength optimization in addition to the recycling the residual Raman pump power, a wide flatness gain bandwidth is achieved for both of low and large input signal powers.