Three dimensional gait analysesin dizygotic twin athletes


Aydın C. G. , Hekim H. H. , Üçpunar H., ÖZTAŞ D. , Bayhan A. İ.

Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine, 2021 (SCI Expanded İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası:
  • Basım Tarihi: 2021
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1177/09544119211012495
  • Dergi Adı: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine

Özet

© IMechE 2021.Gait analysis and gait indices are frequently used to evaluate gait pathologies and outcomes. The aim of this study is to investigate the differences in gait parameters of dizygotic twin athletes according to each other and athletes group who are similar age but non-twin. Eighty-four athletes without any disease that could cause gait pathology were included the study. Time-distance measurements, kinematic – kinetic variables, and gait deviation index (GDI) of the gait functions of twin athletes (17 boys and 25 girls, height: 153.9 ± 15 cm, weight: 45.9 ± 12 kg, leg length 80.5 ± 11 cm) were compared with each other and with 42 sex and age matched non-twins athletes (height: 155 ± 15 cm, weight: 47 ± 14 kg, leg length 80.6 ± 9.8 cm, mean age 11.8 ± 2.29, range 6–15 years). No statistically significant difference was found about the time, distance parameters and GDIs in comparison of twin athletes with each other and the non-twin group. Additionally, kinetic and kinematic variables were similar in between twins. We measured lower adduction angles and higher abduction angles in non-twin athletes in comparison to the twin athletes (p = 0.01, 0.04). Additionally, the angle of knee flexion at the first contact was higher in non-twins (p = 0.003). Being dizygotic twin seems to have no clinical effect on gait function in athletes.