Glass fiber reinforced sealants for solid oxide fuel cells

Timurkutluk B., Altan T., Celik S. , Timurkutluk C., PALACI Y.

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol.44, no.33, pp.18308-18318, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 33
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2019.05.116
  • Title of Journal : International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
  • Page Numbers: pp.18308-18318
  • Keywords: Glass fiber, Glass-ceramic, Sealant, Sealing performance, Solid oxide fuel cell, Tensile tests


© 2019 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLCNovel sealants for solid oxide fuel cells are developed by addition of glass fiber into glass-ceramic as a reinforcement material. Various sealants including three different fiberglass types and four different structural designs are fabricated. The mechanical and sealing performances of the sealants are investigated via tensile and short stack leakage tests, respectively. The tensile tests reveal that the fracture strength of the sealants varies depending on the type and number of the glass fiber used. In general, the sealants having relatively high number of glass fiber layers exhibit relatively low joining strength. The best bonding strength values are obtained from the sealants having a structure where a single glass fiber layer is sandwiched between two glass-ceramic layers. The sealing performance tests are performed for the sealants showing the highest and lowest fracture strengths in the tensile tests as well as for the sealant without glass fiber addition as a base case for a comparison. The results indicate that it is possible to obtain a gas-tight sealing at high temperatures under all pressures studied, whereas leakage occurs at room temperature for all cases considered. However, the sealing performance is found to be related with the mechanical strength of the sealants.