© 2021. All rights reservedObjective: Southeast Anatolia was influenced by the desert dust coming from Syria On October 14, 2018. It was observed that the transportation of dust clouds to Ankara led to a decrease in visibility and an increase in air pollution. In our study, it was aimed to investigate the relationship between the dust exposure and the admission made to our emergency department since that date. Methods: One hundred forty-three of the patients who were included in the study were admitted to the emergency room before dust exposure (group 1) and 203 (group 2) after dust exposure (group 2). According to the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization report, PM10 values have been between 52.8-175 μg/ m3for one week starting from October 14th. It was determined that these values increased between 21- 145 μg / m3according to the pre-dust transport. Results: A total of 346 patients were included in the study. The number of patients who applied before dust exposure was significantly higher than that of the previous ones (p = 0.001). Groups were similar in terms of gender (p = 0.200). The complaint of cough increased significantly [37 (27.6%), 97 (72.4%); p = 0.001]. Group 1 and group 2 cases were compared to the diseases leading to the emergency department, whereas lung diseases increased significantly (p = 0.001). 83 (40%) cases who presented with dyspnea or cough due to dust only and no other disease in lung disease, and 16 (7.9%) cases with heart failure outside the lung were found. Conclusion: As a result of our study, it has been found that dust transport leads to a significant increase in respiratory symptoms and the rate of referral to the emergency department. Due to the geopolitical position of our country, dust transport is a major public health problem.