Efficacy and safety of granulocyte transfusion in children: A single-center experience


Kagızmanlı G. A. , Guzelkucuk Z., Işık P., Kara A., Ozbek N. Y. , Yarali N.

Journal of Clinical Apheresis, vol.35, no.5, pp.420-426, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 35 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/jca.21818
  • Title of Journal : Journal of Clinical Apheresis
  • Page Numbers: pp.420-426
  • Keywords: child, febrile neutropenia, granulocyte transfusion, infection

Abstract

© 2020 Wiley Periodicals LLCBackground: Granulocyte suspension transfusion (GTx) can be used in severely neutropenic patients with infections that cannot be controlled despite appropriate antibiotic therapy. Objective: We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of GTx for the treatment of febrile neutropenia (FEN) in the pediatric age group. Methods: Patients who underwent GTx in the Hematology Clinic of Ankara Child Health and Diseases Hematology Oncology Training and Research Hospital between 2013 and 2017 were evaluated retrospectively. Hematologic and clinical response rates, effects on survival, and adverse effects were investigated. Clinical response was defined at two time points: clinical response I was evaluated after each transfusion, while clinical response II was evaluated after the final GTx in a FEN episode. Results: During the study period, 343 GTx were given 107 FEN episodes of 74 patients. The mean number of granulocyte suspensions administered per patient and per FEN episode was 4.6 units and 3.2 units. The mean GTx volume administered was 237 ± 40 mL, and the mean granulocyte count was 2.8 ± 1.3 x 1010/unit. Hematologic response was attained in 163 (47.6%) of 343 transfusions. Clinical response I was obtained in 88 (25.7%) of the GTx, and clinical response II was attained in 83 (78.5%) of 107 episodes. Life-threatening adverse event was not observed. The cumulative 1-month and 3-month survival rates were 87.8% and 76.5%, respectively. Conclusion: High hematologic response and clinical recovery rates were achieved with GTx, with no limiting adverse effects. Granulocyte transfusion appears to be a safe and effective treatment in pediatric patients with FEN.