Multidimensional perspective for performance assessment on climate change actions of G20 countries

Codal K. S., Ari I., Codal A.

Environmental Development, vol.39, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 39
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.envdev.2021.100639
  • Journal Name: Environmental Development
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CAB Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Climate change, Performance assessment, Multidimensional perspective, Balanced scorecard, G20
  • Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University Affiliated: Yes


© 2021 Elsevier B.V.As a global problem, climate change requires a fast and decisive response from all nations. In order to confront the multi-faceted problem and curb its effects, each country must act boldly within its borders. In fact, addressing climate change requires a multidimensional approach that encompasses working together to mobilize climate finance, develop and implement policies, ensure the engagement of civil society in the climate policy-making process, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions at all scales. The aim of this study is to reflect the national situation of the efforts of the group of 20 largest economies, the G20 countries, using a multidimensional perspective. Country performances are investigated from the perspectives of finance, emissions, policy and legislative and non-governmental organizations, utilizing the balanced scorecard approach and the dataset collected to reflect these perspectives for the related countries since 1990. The findings show that climate related grant, funding and instruments provide the sustainability of climate actions on home ground, and the distribution of the emissions reduction is congruent with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change annex categories. The adoption of national climate policies and legislation to integrate sectoral strategic objectives and actions into a coherent framework is a relatively new and early implementation phase. The power of civil society in addressing the climate change is crucial, but their involvement on the policymaking process remains limited. Apart from this; scalable, reliable evaluation with a multidimensional perspective provides distinct results in comparison to a unidimensional perspective. The paper concludes that taking into account a multidimensional perspective on climate change makes a significant difference in the ranking.