Power flow modeling of Back-to-Back STATCOM: Comprehensive simulation studies including PV curves and PQ circles


VURAL A. M. , BAYINDIR K. Ç.

AIN SHAMS ENGINEERING JOURNAL, vol.8, no.3, pp.431-443, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.asej.2016.07.004
  • Title of Journal : AIN SHAMS ENGINEERING JOURNAL
  • Page Numbers: pp.431-443

Abstract

Power flow study in a power network embedded with FACTS device requires effort in program coding. Moreover, Newton-Raphson method should be modified by embedding injected power components into the algorithm. In this study, we have proposed a method for modeling of one of the newest FACTS concepts in power flow study without program coding or modification of existing Newton-Raphson algorithm. Real and reactive power injections for each voltage source converter of Back-to-Back Static Synchronous Compensator (BtB-STATCOM) are PI regulated to their desired steady-state values. With this respect, reactive power injection of each voltage source converter as well as real power transfer among them can be assigned as control constraint. Operating losses are also taken into account in the proposed modeling approach. Furthermore, proposed model can be easily modified for the modeling of conventional STATCOM having only one voltage source converter or two STATCOMs operating independently. The proposed modeling approach is verified in PSCAD through a number of simulation scenarios in BtB-STATCOM and STATCOM embedded power systems, namely 1-Machine 4-Bus system and 3-Machine 7-Bus system. PV curves of local buses compensated by BtB-STATCOM and STATCOM are presented and compared. Steady-state performance of BtB-STATCOM and STATCOM is also compared in power flow handling. (C) 2016 Ain Shams University. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V.