Evaluating Stack Splint Use for Mallet Finger


Ayhan E., Kuzucu Y., Aslaner E. E. , Tuna Z.

The journal of hand surgery Asian-Pacific volume, vol.26, no.1, pp.47-51, 2021 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1142/s2424835521500077
  • Title of Journal : The journal of hand surgery Asian-Pacific volume
  • Page Numbers: pp.47-51

Abstract

Background: Stack splint is commonly used for mallet finger treatment but patients had a tendency to frequently remove it because of skin complications. We hypothesized that a comprehensively instructed splinting regime would increase patients' compliance and lead to favorable outcomes with fewer skin complications. The aims of this study were to assess the patients' compliance and to evaluate outcomes with that particular splinting regime. Methods: Forty-six consecutive patients were enrolled in this prospective study. They were instructed to wear the Stack splint for 24 hours a day every day in the first six weeks and remove it once a day for 10 minutes to vent. They were told to support distal interphalangeal joint volarly both while wearing the splint and when it was removed. Free movement of proximal interphalangeal joint within the splint was checked after each application. Following whole-day regime for 6 weeks, night splinting continued for 2 more weeks. Range of motion, skin complications, patients' compliance and satisfaction were assessed at last follow-up. Results: There were 26 patients with a mean age of 39.8 and mean follow-up period of 6.7 months. No skin complications or proximal interphalangeal joint stiffness were reported. However, nine patients declared that they wore the splint ≤ 4 weeks, the compliance rate to our regime was 65.4% (17/26). In the 17 fully compliant patients, mean distal interphalangeal joint extension lag was 12.4 and nine of them (52.9%) were satisfied with the outcome. Conclusions: Our both hypotheses failed; comprehensive instructions for the splinting regime did not improve patients' compliance satisfactorily, nor did it lead to favorable outcomes. Although Stack splint has practical points, we no longer use it.