Synthesis of Ca(BH4)2 from Synthetic Colemanite Used in Hydrogen Storage by Mechanochemical Reaction

Karabulut A. F., GÜRÜ M., Boynueğri T. A., AYDIN M. Y.

Journal of Electronic Materials, vol.45, no.8, pp.3957-3963, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 45 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11664-016-4550-1
  • Journal Name: Journal of Electronic Materials
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.3957-3963
  • Keywords: ball milling, Calcium borohydride, hydrogen storage, mechanochemical reaction, synthetic colemanite
  • Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University Affiliated: No


© 2016, The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society.In this study, synthesis of Ca(BH4)2 has been carried out with a solid phase reaction in which synthetic colemanite has been used as a raw material. Three dimensional high energy spex collider was selected for this mechanochemical reaction. Calcium borohydride is one of the most valuable metal borohydrides. In order to produce calcium borohydride economically, anhydrous colemanite mineral has been used as reactant. Calcium borohydride has been directly manufactured from anhydrous colemanite in spex-type ball milling without the need for any intermediate product. Thus, the advantages of this method over wet chemical procedure (such as having no intermediate product, no azeotropic limitations and no need of regaining product from solution after production by using evaporation, crystallization and drying processes) have made it possible to achieve the desired economical gains. Parametric experiments were conducted to determine the best conditions for the highest yield of solid phase reaction in the spex-type ball milling. Best results have been determined by using areas of related peaks in spectra of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). In order to use peaks area for determining Ca(BH4)2 concentration, a calibration graph of FT-IR absorbance peak areas has been created by using samples with known different concentrations of commercial Ca(BH4)2. Optimum amounts of calcium hydride and synthesis reaction time were found to be 2.1 times the stoichiometric ratio and 2500 min, respectively. As a result of these optimizations, the maximum yield of the solid phase reaction carried out by the spex-type ball milling has been determined as 93%.