The relationship between temporal muscle thickness and triglyceride glucose index in sarcopenia with mortality and third-month functional outcomes in patients after acute stroke

Tutal Gürsoy G., Görgülü Ü., Tengirşenk Z., BEKTAŞ H.

Medicine, vol.102, no.44, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 102 Issue: 44
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/md.0000000000035886
  • Journal Name: Medicine
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University Affiliated: Yes


Especially in recent years, temporal muscle thickness has been used as an important parameter for sarcopenia in neurological disorders. In addition, triglyceride glucose index was evaluated separately in studies conducted in terms of coronary diseases, diabetes, high blood pressure, body mass index and acute stroke. In this clinical study, unlike the others, both temporal muscle thickness and triglyceride glucose index were evaluated together in acute stroke patients in terms of sarcopenia. We aimed to investigate the relationship between temporal muscle thickness and triglyceride glucose index, which is atherosclerotic index, with mortality and 3rd month functional outcomes in acute stroke patients. In this retrospective study, 147 patients admitted to Ankara City Hospital with the diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke between January 2021 and September 2022 were evaluated. Fasting triglyceride glucose indexes of the patients were calculated. The temporal muscle thickness measurement of the patients was performed by the radiologist using computed tomography images. Those who scored 3 or higher on the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) at the third month were considered to have poor functional outcome. A significant cutoff point was found for estimating mortality for the temporal muscle thickness parameter [area under the curve for a receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) = 0.636; P = .012]. The cutoff point was obtained as ≤ 5.2. Sensitivity value was 65%, specificity value was 65%, the positive predictive value (PPV) value was 42.62% and the negative predictive value (NPV) value was 82.28%. Similarly, for the triglyceride glucose index parameter, there was a significant cutoff point in estimating mortality (AUC = 0.673; P = .003). The cutoff point was obtained as ≥ 8.23. Sensitivity value was 91.18%, specificity value was 13%, PPV value was 26.96% and NPV value was 81%. Temporal muscle thickness and triglyceride glucose index parameters were found to be statistically important parameters of sarcopenia. It was concluded that the evaluation of these 2 parameters in terms of both mortality and sarcopenia in acute stroke patients is important in the evaluation of neurological and cardiac disorders.