Metaphoric Perceptions of Covid-19 Patients Related to the Disease

Çakmak B. , Çalık A., İnkaya B.

Clinical Nursing Research, vol.30, no.8, pp.1-10, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/105477382110483
  • Title of Journal : Clinical Nursing Research
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-10


This study aimed to explore metaphoric perceptions of patients with COVID-19 including treatment process, family relationships, and mental health via using metaphors. Purposive sampling was used to include participants. Totally 46 patients diagnosed with COVID-19 were included in the study. The metaphor-based data collection process was carried out with three open-ended questions. The metaphors compiled according to questions and grouped by 13 themes according to analysis. Patients explained to COVID-19 process by using 91 different metaphors. Most frequently used metaphors by patients; black hole/dark for the treatment process of COVID-19, steel for family relationships, sea metaphor for mental health. This study, it was determined that individuals are afraid of death, have a serious perception of uncertainty, and their family relationships and this process negatively affected their family relationships and mental states. Nurses have important responsibilities to increase the quality of patient care.