INVESTIGATION OF PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS' OPTIMISM LEVEL AND THEIR SCHOOL PERCEPTION


ÇALIK VAR E. , ÖĞÜLMÜŞ S.

International Psychological Applications Conference and Trends, Madrid, İspanya, 26 - 28 Nisan 2013, ss.63-67 identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Bildiri / Tam Metin Bildiri
  • Basıldığı Şehir: Madrid
  • Basıldığı Ülke: İspanya
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.63-67

Özet

In this study it is aimed to investigate Primary School Students' optimism and their perception of school with relation to the variables of students' gender, grade and the type of primary school (Type A and Type B). In addition, it is aimed to investigate the differences between their optimism level (high, medium and low) and school perception. This study is a descriptive analysis that involves the investigation of optimism level of primary school students' and their school perception. The study group consists of 610 students attending at seven different primary schools in central district of Ankara. To gather the data, "Optimism Scale" and "School Perception Scale" were used. The data obtained were analyzed using SPSS software. Firstly, t test was performed to the results obtained with the help of Optimism Scale, Perception of School Scale and Perception of School Scale's sub-scales in order to determine whether the quantitative differences in students' points means related to their gender and school type (A type, B type) were significant. Moreover, ANOVA test was performed to found out whether the quantitative differences in students' points mean related to their grade were significant. ANOVA test was performed to found out whether the quantitative differences in students' optimism level related to their Perception of School points were significant. In addition, LSD (post-hoc) test was used to find the source of the difference. According to the data obtained by Optimism Scale, Primary School students who attend the study are generally getting high points. In addition, there is a significant difference between the type of school (Type A and Type B), gender and optimism. However, the differences between the points of students and their grade are not significant. According to the data obtained by "School Perception Scale" primary school students who attend the study are generally get high points. Also there is a significant differences between the girls' and the boys' scores of school perception. According to the data, there is not a meaningful difference between degrees and school perception points. There is a significant difference between type of school and the school perception points. According to "feelings about school" sub-scale, there is a significant difference between girls and boys. There is a significant difference between "the perception about physical circumstance of school" sub-scale, "feelings about school" sub-scale, "the perception about courses" sub-scale and students' grade. There is a significant difference between "perception about physical circumstance of school" sub-scale, "feelings about school" sub-scale, "the perception about courses" sub-scale and the types of school. There is a significant difference between the primary students' level of optimism and the points of their School Perception Scale's sub-scales