Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of children with germ cell tumors: A single center experience in a developing country

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Incesoy-Ozdemir S. , Ertem U., Sahin G., Bozkurt C., YÜKSEK N., Oren A. C. , ...More

Turkish Journal of Pediatrics, vol.59, no.4, pp.410-417, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 59 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.24953/turkjped.2017.04.007
  • Title of Journal : Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
  • Page Numbers: pp.410-417


Germ cell tumor (GCT) is a rare malignancy accounting for 2-3% of all pediatric tumors. The overall survival rate of children and adolescents with GCT is more than 80% after adopting combined therapy. The aim of this study is to review clinical presentation, management, and outcome in a single-center series with extracranial GCT. Clinical characteristics, pathologic presentations, and survival outcomes of 101 children with GCT, treated at our hospital from 1988 to 2011, were analyzed. Sixty-two of patients were female and 39 of them were male. Fifty-eight (57%) patients had gonadal tumor (24 testicular, 34 ovarian), 43 (43%) extragonadal. Histologically, teratomas were found most frequently (26 mature, 10 immature), followed by yolk sac tumors (n: 33), mixed malignant tumors (n: 13), embryonal carcinoma (n: 10), disgerminoma (n: 8) and seminoma (n: 1). Twenty-six patients were diagnosed as mature teratoma and we excluded them in the evaluation of staging and survival. Five-year overall and relaps-free survival were 80.3% (mean follow-up time: 215.8 months) and 73.4% (mean follow-up time: 176.2 months), respectively. Five-year survival rates were 93.2% and 90.2% in malign GCTs diagnosed after 1999.