Utilization pattern of antenatal care and determining factors among reproductive-age women in Borama, Somaliland

Mouhoumed H. M. , Mehmet N.

Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene, vol.62, no.2, 2021 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 62 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.15167/2421-4248/jpmh2021.62.2.1882
  • Title of Journal : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
  • Keywords: Antenatal care, Maternal health service, Pregnancy, Somaliland, Utilization


© Copyright by Pacini Editore Srl, Pisa, Italy.Background. Antenatal care is essential care given during pregnancy, to diagnose and treat complications that could endanger both the lives of mother and child. The risk of dying from pregnancy-related issues is often associated with a lack of access to antenatal care services. This issue is a prominent matter in developing countries such as Somaliland which has one of the highest maternal mortality rates in the world. Objective. The objective of this study is to determine the frequency and timing of antenatal care utilization and factors influencing it among reproductive-age women. Methods. A population-based cross-sectional survey is conducted among 330 randomly selected mothers who gave birth in the past two years in Borama, Somaliland. Result. Although a significant number of women utilized antenatal care in their pregnancy only 31.1% initiated the first visit within the first trimester and 48.3% received less than the recommended four visits. Fewer antenatal care visits are significantly associated with age (OR = 3.018; CI = 1.264-7.207), gravida (OR = 3.295; CI = 1.200-9.045), and gestation age (OR = 1.737; CI = 1.013-2.979). Early marriage (OR=0.495; CI = 0.252-0.973), and large family size (OR = 3.952; CI = 1.330-11.742) are associated with delay in the commencement of the first antenatal care visit. Conclusion. Young women, women with multiple pregnancies, women married at a young age, and women with a large family size have a higher probability of delaying prenatal care and having fewer visits. Based on the findings, uplifting the socioeconomic status and literacy level of women through community-based education and developing strategies that would take the determining factors into account may contribute to improved and adequate utilization of antenatal care.