Anatolianism movement, which emerged as a reaction to the nineteenth century's prevailing ideologies such as Ottomanism, Islamism, and Turkism-Turanism, advocated an Anatolian geography- and Anatolian Turkism-centered politics and way of thinking. The Anatolianists devoted their most severe criticism to the Turkism-Turanism movement and its prominent ideologues. They argued that Turkism-Turanism movement was primarily responsible for the country's bad situation. In this study, the relationship between the Anatolianism movement and Turkism-Turanism movement, which is strongly criticized by the Anatolianism movement, will be discussed within the framework of 'reproduction of nationalism'. The study also attempts to put forth how the Anatolianists criticized Turkism-Turanism movement's irredentist policies with reference to 'nation, 'nationalism', geography' and 'history'. Despite the fact that the Anatolianism movement has often criticized the premises of Turkism-Turanism, this study argues that there is a symbiotic relationship between these two movements, which contributes to the reproduction and reconstruction of nationalism.