Revisiting Francis Bacon and His Approach to Science


Yılmaz V. B.

Taras Shevchenko 6th International Congress on Social Sciences, Kyyiv, Ukraine, 4 - 05 April 2021, vol.3, no.1, pp.940-945

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 3
  • City: Kyyiv
  • Country: Ukraine
  • Page Numbers: pp.940-945

Abstract

The 17th century witnessed a tremendous transformation of the concept of truth, which was marked by loss of power of scholasticism and strict religious doctrines. The development of science contributed greatly to this loss as it was the main factor in great changes throughout the world. Whereas scholastic approaches sought for truth in the metaphysical realm, scientific methods described truth in empirical terms. The age necessitated the belief in the validity of scientific descriptions of reality rather than the belief in metaphysical explanations related to the transcendental notions. Francis Bacon (1561-1626), an important figure in English philosophy and writing, is regarded as the one who endorsed development in science. However, he did not condemn metaphysical doctrines as the forces that precluded scientific progress. This study is going to underline the fact that it would be inadequate to analyse Bacon’s works in terms of his complete rejection of metaphysics. It focuses on Bacon’s The Proficience and Advancement of Learning and stresses that this essay unveils Bacon’s closeness to the notion of metaphysical realm in the understanding and acquiring of science. This study also concludes that Bacon was a quite clear-sighted philosopher as he was able to see that science was becoming one of the most vital parts of human beings’ lives.