In this article, the elements belonging to folk culture and literature will be analyzed by reviewing eleven out of eighteen books covering the years 1922-1932 on Turkey's Health Geography. When choosing these books which were prepared by the Government of Grand National Assembly of Turkey and the Ministry of Health and Social Aid, a special attention was paid to add different cities from each region of Turkey. This article begins with the works done during Dr. Riza Nur Bey, the Minister of Health and Social Aid in 1922. In this respect, especially these books that were prepared in accordance with the reports and information received by provincial health director are vital because they are the official documents that enlighten the culture of the period. It is believed that this study - which Dr. Muhyiddin Celal Bey, the head of the organizing committee, made a great effort for - concerns not only those interested in folk culture and literature but also those researching on geography and history..