Social Unrest and American Military Bases in Turkey and Germany Since 1945


Insight Turkey, vol.18, no.4, pp.238-240, 2016 (Scopus)

  • Publication Type: Article / Book Review
  • Volume: 18 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Journal Name: Insight Turkey
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.238-240
  • Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University Affiliated: No


Holmes’ Social Unrest and American Military Bases is a comparative study of anti-American bases social movements that emerged in Turkey and Germany during the Cold War and continued after. The author explores the emergence and causes of these movements against U.S. military presence in two frontline NATO allies, how the U.S. responded to these movements, and which tactics these movements resorted to, in order to accomplish their objectives. In doing so she does a commendable job of blending international relations and social movements literature to better understand the domestic and international conditions under which the perception of an American military presence went from ‘legitimate protector’ to ‘giving harm’ to Turkish and German security and sovereignty, that it was initially supposed to protect.