Therapeutic plasma exchange: A potential management strategy for critically ill MIS-C patients in the pediatric intensive care unit

EMEKSİZ S., Özcan S., Perk O., Uyar E., Çelikel Acar B., Kibar Gül A. E., ...More

Transfusion and Apheresis Science, vol.60, no.3, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 60 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.transci.2021.103119
  • Journal Name: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: Multisystem inflammatory syndrome, Therapeutic plasma exchange, Left ventricular dysfunction, COVID-19, Pediatric intensive care
  • Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University Affiliated: Yes


This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and the role of therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) in treatment of children with severe MIS-C. In addition, we assessed demographic data, clinical features, laboratory abnormalities, underlying conditions, treatments, and outcomes. Patients with severe MIS-C who were admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) between September 01 and October 05, 2020 were included in this observational, descriptive, retrospective study. The data collected included the patients’ demographic data, presenting symptoms, clinical features, laboratory parameters, diagnostic investigations, and medications. Of 27 children with MIS-C, 63 % were male. The median age of the patients was nine years. Intravenous immunoglobulin and corticosteroids were used for treatment in 100 % of the patients, anakinra in 51.8 %, vasopressors in 85.1 %, noninvasive mechanical ventilation in 25.9 %, and invasive mechanical ventilation in 18.5 %. Ten of the 27 patients (37 %) underwent TPE. In the patients who underwent TPE, the median PELOD score was 21 (IQR: 11–30.25) before TPE and 10 (IQR: 10–11) after TPE (p < 0.001). Moreover, their median left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was 52 % (IQR: 49.25 %–55 %) before TPE and median LVEF was 66.5 (IQR: 58 %–68.5 %) after TPE (p = 0.012). The median number of TPE sessions was three (IQR: 2–4.75). The mortality rate of the patients with severe MIS-C admitted to the PICU was 7.4 %. We suggest that TPE should be considered as a therapeutic option in children with severe MIS-C. Early initiation of TPE followed by immunomodulatory therapy in critically ill children with MIS-C may help improve clinical and laboratory outcomes.