Muhibbân journal’s approach to social events in the second constitutional era Muhİbbân dergisinin ii. Meşrutiyet dönemi sosyal hadiselerine yaklaşimi


Kalenderoğlu M.

Turk Kulturu ve Haci Bektas Veli - Arastirma Dergisi, vol.99, pp.341-368, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 99
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.34189/hbv.99.015
  • Title of Journal : Turk Kulturu ve Haci Bektas Veli - Arastirma Dergisi
  • Page Numbers: pp.341-368
  • Keywords: Alevi and bektashi, Hacıbeyzâde ahmed muhtar, Muhibbân, Second constitutional era, Social events

Abstract

© 2021 Ankara Haci Bayram Veli University. All rights reserved.When theAbdülhamid’s despotic rule was abandoned, freedom of the press in the Second Constitutional Era’s earlier times paved the way for the emergence of numerous periodicals. The newspaper Muhibbân owned and edited by Hacıbeyzâde Ahmed Muhtar [Yeğtaş], a baba of the Bektashi Order, was one of the periodicals, which was born in 4 September 1909 in Istanbul, covering topics ranging from religion, literature, mysticism (Şūfī in this context), to sociology. In this study, Muhibbân’s 26 issues published in the three periods of publication were examined regarding the newspaper’s attitude towards social life in the Second Constitutional Era and social events. Our study concluded that the newspaper created by the Alevi and Bektashi tradition tried to favor Bektashism, embraced ethnic and sectarian diversity, had a tolerant publication policy, and presented social events of the time. It had news about news from tekke (dervish lodges) and ţarīqas (the Şūfī paths) and events such as weddings, funerals, fires, and strikes in Ottoman society. This shows that the newspaper placed importance on actuality. Muhibbân, which also had an interest in events taking place outside of the Ottoman Empire, approached these events in terms of Islam, ţarīqa, freedom of religion and praying. In accordance with the journalism mentality of the time, it used to publish articles written in plain and clear Turkish so that everyone can understand. It strongly criticized Abdulhamid the Second and this era since it supported Constitutional Administration. It advocated that problems within society should be solved by law and justice.