Renal Cell Carcinoma or Oncocytoma? The Contribution of Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging to the Differential Diagnosis of Renal Masses

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Metin M., Aydın H., Karaoğlanoğlu M.

Medicina (Lithuania), vol.58, no.2, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 58 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/medicina58020221
  • Journal Name: Medicina (Lithuania)
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: ADC, renal, cell, carcinoma, oncocytoma, DWI
  • Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University Affiliated: Yes


© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.Background and Objectives: Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) accounts for 85% and oncocytomas constitute 3–7% of solid renal masses. Oncocytomas can be confused, especially with hypovascular RCC. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the contribution of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and contrast-enhanced MRI sequences in the differential diagnosis of RCC and oncocytoma Materials and Methods: 465 patients with the diagnosis of RCC and 45 patients diagnosed with oncocytoma were retrospectively reviewed between 2009 to 2020. All MRI acquisitions were handled by a 1.5 T device (Achieva, Philips Healthcare, Best, The Netherlands) and all images were evaluated by the consensus of two radiologists with 10–15 years’ experience. The SPSS package program version 15.0 software was used for statistical analysis of the study. Chi-square test, Mann–Whitney U test or the Kruskal–Wallis tests were used in the statistical analysis. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to calculate the cut-off values Results: The results were evaluated with a 95% confidence interval and a significance threshold of p < 0.05. ADC values (p < 0.001) and enhancement index (p < 0.01) were significantly lower in the RCC group than the oncocytoma group. Conclusion: DWI might become an alternative technique to the contrast-enhanced MRI in patients with contrast agent nephropathy or with a high risk of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis, calculation of CI of the oncocytoma and RCCs in the contrast-enhanced acquisitions would contribute to the differential diagnosis.