© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG part of Springer Nature.Although poverty is a global problem, it hugely affects the slum population who are mostly located in the developing and underdeveloped countries. Slums experience higher levels of poverty partly due to their limited access to resources, and limited poverty alleviation programmes from governments, as they are treated as informal and illegal settlements. Female slum dwellers in Ghana experience high poverty levels, as their limited access to resources and programmes has been exacerbated by patriarchy in the country which has disempowered many women. This qualitative study explores poverty alleviation programmes for women in Ashaiman. It was found that both the government and civil society have been active in alleviating poverty among the women in Ashaiman, through programmes like the Livelihood Empowerment Against Poverty (LEAP), formation of savings groups and training in income generating skills. While these programmes have assisted some females in Ashaiman, they have been challenged by some factors, necessitating the resolution of such impediments so that the optimal benefits of such interventions can be achieved.