Turkey is a typical example for emerging energy markets of the world. Its energy consumption is also increasing in parallel to its development. The Turkish transportation sector is based on railway, marine, airway, and highway subsectors. The main energy types of thes sectors are hard coal, lignite, oil, and electricity for railways, oil for seaways and airways, and oil and natural gas for highways. In this study, the construction of the Turkish transportation sector is introduced. Then, how to find energy and exergy efficiencies of energy used in this sector and studies on this issue are explored. In this context, this study is intended to contribute to the analysis of this sector.