The main objective of this study was to examine the associated factors of the early postpartum depression in a Turkish sample of 151 postnatal women. Besides positive and negative affect and marital adjustment measures demographic and labor related variables which may affect the postpartum depression were also included into the study. To reveal the critical factors associated with the early postnatal depressive mood a regression analysis was conducted. After controlling for the variance accounted for by age and number of children negative affect and marital maladjustment measures were found to be significant associates of postpartum depression. These findings are discussed in the light of the literature. © 2005 Springer Science+Business Media Inc.