© 2020Bonding with dentin is a complex process involving physical and chemical adhesion where the adhesive must be able to penetrate and envelop collagen fibers. Acid etching clears the dentin of debris, which prevents adhesives to interact with dentin. However, it also demineralizes the outermost surface of dentin and exposes collagen fibers. The mineral-free collagen is susceptible to collapse after drying and to proteolytic or microbial attack, ultimately impairing the bonding with dentin. To address this, we have attempted a pre-bonding rapid remineralization approach to recover the mineral content of etched dentin. We have used a mineralization-promoting peptide and high calcium/phosphate concentration to achieve this in a clinically applicable timeframe. Partial remineralization was confirmed via SEM and XRD analyses. The mechanical properties and the stability of the partially remineralized dentin were investigated via microhardness, collagen hydrolysis and shrinkage tests. The bonding properties were investigated via shear bond strength (SBS) and microleakage tests. Pre-bonding remineralization of dentin with peptide for 10 min significantly increased the stiffness, resistance to hydrolysis and reduced shrinkage due to drying. SBS was increased with both an etch&rinse and a self-etch adhesive. However, pre-bonding remineralization resulted in reduced microleakage only with the etch&rinse adhesive. The described method is readily applicable to clinic since it is expected to add only 10 min to the procedure. Future in situ and/or in vivo studies will help to confirm the benefits observed in this in vitro study and allow optimize the parameters of the method.