Ultrasound Imaging for Muscle Variations: Digastric Flexor Carpi Ulnaris, Gastrocnemius Tertius, and Supernumerary Fibularis Longus in an Asymptomatic Family.

Ata A. M. , KARA M., Aydin G. , KAYMAK B., Gurcay E., ÖZÇAKAR L.

American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation, vol.97, no.11, 2018 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 97 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/phm.0000000000000945
  • Title of Journal : American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation


Anatomical variations of the muscles are seen with different frequencies. Although most of them are asymptomatic; in certain cases, their existence requires attention with regard to entrapment syndromes, mass lesions, botulinum toxin injections, and tendon transfers. Herein, as ultrasound imaging is a convenient method for muscle imaging, it can easily be used in daily practice for prompt understanding of such muscular variations. In this report, we demonstrated and discussed a similar scenario in an asymptomatic individual (and his close family members) using ultrasound imaging for scanning the digastric flexor carpi ulnaris, gastrocnemius tertius, and supernumerary fibularis longus muscles.