Weight management strategies for patients with PCOS: current perspectives

Ozgen Saydam B., YILDIZ O. B.

Expert Review of Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol.16, no.2, pp.49-62, 2021 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 16 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/17446651.2021.1896966
  • Title of Journal : Expert Review of Endocrinology and Metabolism
  • Page Numbers: pp.49-62


© 2021 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.Introduction: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder of reproductive-aged women. Overweight and obesity commonly accompany the syndrome at the clinic and are significant concerns for women with PCOS. Areas covered: Herein, we provide an overview of the relevant literature on weight management strategies in women with PCOS. We performed an electronic-based search using PubMed until February 2021. We aimed to summarize available evidence of different weight-reducing interventions in PCOS and outline the gaps in our current knowledge and recommend areas for further research. Expert opinion: PCOS is closely linked to obesity and increased adiposity enhances severity and expression of PCOS phenotype. Current data suggest that weight loss is associated with improved metabolic, endocrine, reproductive, cardiovascular and psychological features in overweight and obese women with PCOS. Lifestyle interventions including diet and exercise, anti-obesity medications and bariatric surgery have been used as therapeutic approaches for short-term management of obesity in PCOS with varying success rates. Large and sufficiently powered studies are required in order to determine long-term effects of weight management strategies and potential benefits beyond weight loss in the syndrome. This would allow informing the guidelines to make PCOS specific evidence-based recommendations.