Endonasal endoscopic approach for sellar metastatic pathologies: a national observation


KAHILOĞULLARI G., Bayatli E., Geyik M., ÇABUK B., BETON S., Gunaldi O., ...More

British Journal of Neurosurgery, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/02688697.2022.2077310
  • Title of Journal : British Journal of Neurosurgery
  • Keywords: Endonasal, endoscopic, metastasis, national report, sellar pathology

Abstract

© 2022 The Neurosurgical Foundation.Purpose: Sellar metastases are rare lesions. Recent improvements in diagnosis and treatment strategies have prolonged survival but increased the probability of metastatic tumors. Evaluation with clinical symptomatology and meticulous laboratory examination is crucial. We present our multicenter national study on sellar metastases to evaluate and underline the main clinical, endocrine, and radiological considerations regarding the diagnosis and endonasal endoscopic management of such rare lesions. Methods: A medical literature-based retrospective study was planned across 13 neurosurgical centers in Turkey, where a data survey was conducted to collect information regarding sellar metastases surgically treated using the endoscopic endonasal approach, including clinical presentation, radiographic features, primary tumor origin, histopathological confirmation, time to metastasis, treatment, and patient outcomes. Results: Between 2010 and 2020, 54 patients (22 women [40.7%] and 32 men [59.3%]) who underwent surgery with the endonasal endoscopic approach and had pathologically proven sellar metastases (overall incidence, 0.54%) were included. Of the patients, 59.3% had no known malignancy and presented with new-onset symptoms, 79.6% reported headache, 51.9% complained of some degree of visual deficits, and 50% had cranial nerve symptoms. Tissue biopsy was performed in 7.4% of the patients, whereas gross or subtotal resection was achieved in the remaining patients. Conclusion: To our knowledge, this is the largest series of patients surgically treated with the endonasal endoscopic approach for sellar metastases. For these patients, the treatment focus should be on management modalities for increasing quality of life instead radical treatment options with survival benefit.