Development of speech intelligibility in geriatric individuals with hearing loss


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ÇILDIR B., TÜRKYILMAZ M. D.

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences, vol.52, no.2, pp.436-444, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 52 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.3906/sag-2002-200
  • Journal Name: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.436-444
  • Keywords: adaptive Turkish matrix test, bicros, Bilateral/unilateral hearing aids, speech in noise, speech intelligibility

Abstract

© 2022 TÜBİTAK.Background/aim: In our study, we aimed to evaluate the hearing aid benefit and speech intelligibility with hearing aids using objective and subjective measurements, according to the type of hearing loss in elderly individuals who used different types of hearing aids. Materials and methods: The objective and subjective findings from a total of 47 elderly individuals between the ages of 60 and 84, who used regular hearing aids for at least six months, and who were diagnosed with different types and degrees of hearing loss were evaluated by scanning them retrospectively. Results: In our study, the Adaptive Turkish matrix sentence test (ATMST) was carried out with binaural headphones, and a statistically significant difference was observed between the ATMST scores of individuals with symmetrical hearing loss. A significant difference was found between the ATMST score averages for individuals with symmetrical hearing loss (S0N90 and S0N270) and asymmetric hearing loss (S0N0 and S0N270) in the free area. A significant difference was found between abbreviated profile of hearing aid benefit satisfaction questionnaires before and after hearing aid use in all groups. Conclusion: The Turkish matrix sentence test (TMST) in noise can be used routinely in clinics in order to evaluate the possible hearing loss from the daily environment and the hearing aid effectiveness.