Rats are widely used laboratory animals and have several parasites. One of these are helminths, known not only to cause serious effects on the experimental results in healthy subjects, but also in subjects with heavy infections. One of the relatively pathologic helminth is Trichosomoides crassicauda, which lives in the nodules of the urinary bladder. It is known that diabetics are more prone to infections with several microorganisms. Observations in a diabetic rat bladder showed T. crassicauda eggs inside the transitional epithelium, and structural changes in the bladder epithelium were evident. Urinary-bladder tissues taken from streptozotocin-injected diabetic subjects and citrate buffer-injected control subjects were fixed, embedded in araldite and investigated under a light microscope. Distinct changes in the histological structure of a diabetic urinary bladder transitional epithelium were observed afterT. crassicauda infection. Many papillomas were formed and the epithelial tissues were completely degenerated. In addition, electron microscopic examinations also revealed degeneration of the subepithelial tissues. © The Author 2011.