Delirium Tremens and Central Pontine Myelinolysis in a Patient with Alcohol Use Disorder and Pneumonia: a Case Report and a Narrative Review Delirium tremens und zentrale pontine Myelinolyse bei einem Patienten mit Alkoholmissbrauchsstörung und Lungenentzündung: Eine Übersichtsarbeit und Kasuistik


Danlśman M., İspir G. Z. , Oǧur B.

Fortschritte der Neurologie Psychiatrie, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1055/a-1778-3727
  • Title of Journal : Fortschritte der Neurologie Psychiatrie
  • Keywords: Alcohol withdrawal, Central pontine myelinolysis, Delirium tremens, Pneumonia

Abstract

© 2022 Thieme. All rights reserved.Introduction Delirium tremens (DT) is a serious condition occurring in alcohol withdrawal syndrome. Alcohol consumption may also cause additional health problems, such as respiratory infections or neuropsychiatric conditions such as central pontine myelinolysis. In this clinical scenario, managing DT can be expected to be more compelling and complex. Alcohol decreases coughing and mucociliary clearance and disrupts the immunity of the respiratory system. Case Here we report on a middle-aged man with alcohol use disorder who had developed DT due to alcohol withdrawal and comorbid pneumonia. Discussion and Conclusion In this paper, DT, the relation between respiratory infections and alcohol intake, and the correlation of alcohol consumption and central pontine myelinolysis (CPM) are discussed. Also, the literature on alcohol consumption and the additional respiratory and neurologic problems resulting from it are presented.