Evaluation of balance in fallers and non-fallers elderly


Müjdeci B., AKSOY S., ATAŞ A.

Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, vol.78, no.5, pp.104-109, 2012 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 78 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.5935/1808-8694.20120016
  • Journal Name: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.104-109
  • Keywords: Accidental falls, Elderly, Medicare, Postural balance

Abstract

Falls present a substantial health problem among the elderly population. Approximately one-third of community-dwelling people over 65 years of age will experience one or more each year. Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate balance between fallers and non-fallers elderly. Study Design: Clinical study. Methods: We studied 30 subjects older than 65 years of age. 15 subjects had a history of falls within a year (Group I) and 15 subjects had no history of falls (Group II). The scores of Computerized Dynamic Posturography (CDP); Sensory Organization Test (SOT), Limits of Stability (LOS), Rhytmic Weight Shift (RWS) and Berg Balance Scale (BBS) findings gathered from the individuals from Group I and Group II, were compared. Results: The SOT 3, 6, composite, BBS scores and left-right on-axis velocity score of RWS test of the Group I were found to be significantly lower the Group II (p < 0.05). A positive correlation between the SOT 3, 5, composite and BBS scores of Group I and the SOT 4, 5, 6, composite and BBS scores of Group II is determined (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The CDP and BBS scores in fallers were found to be significiantly lower as compared to the non-fallers elderly.