© 2020, Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature.This study aims to evaluate the effect of Nd:YAG and femtosecond lasers irradiation on the shear bond strength (SBS) of a self-adhesive resin cement to the human dentin surface. One hundred extracted third molar teeth were randomly divided into 10 experimental groups according to dentin surface treatments; with and without the bonding agent, Nd:YAG 302 J/cm2 and 440 J/cm2, femtosecond 4 J/cm2 and 7 J/cm2, and control groups were prepared. After surface treatments, a self-adhesive resin cement was luted by using a bonding jig (Ultradent Products Inc.). The specimens were then subjected to shear test at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min, and failure loads were recorded as megapascal (MPa). Two-way analysis of variance and Tukey HSD tests were performed (p ˂ 0.05). Representative specimens from each experimental subgroup were examined by means of SEM. The highest SBS values were obtained in Group 302 J/cm2 Nd:YAG with bonding agent, and there is no statistical difference between Group 440 J/cm2 Nd:YAG with bonding and Group 7 J/cm2 femtosecond with bonding (p > 0.05). The lowest SBS values were observed in Group control without bonding agent. Nd:YAG and femtosecond laser treatments improved the adhesion between the dentin surface and the self-adhesive resin cement.