Minimizing total tardiness in a two-machine flowshop with uncertain and bounded processing times

Allahverdi M.

RAIRO - Operations Research, vol.57, no.3, pp.1353-1375, 2023 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 57 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1051/ro/2023023
  • Journal Name: RAIRO - Operations Research
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1353-1375
  • Keywords: Algorithm, Flowshop scheduling, Total tardiness, Uncertain processing times
  • Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University Affiliated: Yes


The two-machine flowshop scheduling problem with the performance measure of total tardiness is addressed. This performance measure is essential since meeting deadlines is a crucial part of scheduling and a major concern for some manufacturing systems. The processing times on both machines are uncertain variables and within some lower and upper bounds. This is due to uncertainty being an integral part of some manufacturing settings, making it impossible to predict processing times in advance. To the best of the author's knowledge, this problem is addressed for the first time in this paper. A dominance relation is established and nineteen algorithms are proposed. These algorithms are extensively evaluated through randomly generated data for different numbers of jobs and four different distributions, representing both symmetric and non-symmetric distributions. Computational experiments show that the presented algorithms perform extremely well when compared with a random solution. In particular, the best of the considered 19 algorithms reduces the error of the random solution by 99.99% and the error of the worst algorithm (among the 19 algorithms) by 99.96%. The results are confirmed by a test of hypothesis and this algorithm is recommended.