Sexual Dysfunction in Female Patients with Primary Sjogren's Syndrome and Effects of Depression: Cross-Sectional Study

KARAKAŞ UĞURLU G. , ERTEN Ş. , Ugurlu M., ÇAYKÖYLÜ A. , Altunoglu A.

SEXUALITY AND DISABILITY, vol.32, no.2, pp.197-204, 2014 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11195-014-9352-x
  • Page Numbers: pp.197-204


Primary Sjogren's syndrome causes disability and impaired quality of life. However, unlike other rheumatological diseases, primary Sjogren's syndrome affects the exocrine glands and can impact on sexual health. Primary Sjogren's syndrome is also associated with depression. Two groups of female patients were included in the present study; one group comprised patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome and the second group consisted of healthy women. The two groups were compared in terms of female sexual dysfunction using the Female Sexual Function Index and depression using the Beck Depression Inventory. Path analysis was used to show the relationship between primary Sjogren's syndrome, depression and female sexual dysfunction. Depression and female sexual dysfunction were higher in the group with primary Sjogren's syndrome than in the group of healthy women. Path analysis confirmed that primary Sjogren's syndrome itself and primary Sjogren's syndrome induced depression may lead to female sexual dysfunction. Both female sexual dysfunction and depression are common in primary Sjogren's syndrome. Therefore, it is important to consider the broad clinical picture for patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome, as both female sexual dysfunction and depression can be treated with education, psychotherapy, or medicine.