Pentacam corneal topography and densitometry features of PCOS patients


Creative Commons License

Cengiz Ozturk T. G., Akcam H. T., Ellibes Kaya A.

BMC ophthalmology, vol.23, no.1, pp.5, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1186/s12886-022-02758-4
  • Journal Name: BMC ophthalmology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.5
  • Keywords: Cornea, Corneal densitometry, Corneal ectasia, Corneal topography, Hormones, Inflammation, Ovary, Pentacam, Polycystic ovary syndrome
  • Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University Affiliated: No

Abstract

© 2023. The Author(s).BACKGROUND: To evaluate corneal topography and densitometry features in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and compare them with healthy individuals. METHODS: 53 eyes of 53 female patients diagnosed with PCOS and 53 eyes of 53 age-matched female volunteers were analyzed in the study. In addition to the detailed ophthalmological and gynecological examination, anterior segment analysis was performed using Pentacam. A complete analysis of aberrometric, keratometric, topometric, and, densitometric values between the groups was performed, and the results were outlined. RESULTS: According to the results, although Kmax-front, Kmean-front, ISV, IVA, IHA, BAD_D and PI-Avg values were slightly higher in PCOS group along with a slight thinning in the thinnest location, there was no statistically significant difference between the groups. Moreover, correlation analysis between PCOS clinical parameters and keratometric/topometric/aberrometric data were found to be almost normal. Yet, when Pentacam tomography maps of all cases are examined in detail, mild ectatic changes were observed in 5 cases in PCOS group. Furthermore, a significant increase in thickness across all densitometry values except anterior (10-12 mm), central (10-12 mm), and total (10-12 mm) was found in PCOS group. CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that an intensification of corneal densitometry values ​​and various changes in keratometry data implying ectasia can be observed in patients with PCOS. Prospective studies with larger patient series are needed to reveal any potential relationship between PCOS and corneal abnormalities.