Endocrine practice : official journal of the American College of Endocrinology and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, vol.27, no.3, pp.212-215, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded)
Copyright © 2020 AACE. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of pyramidal lobe remnants after total thyroidectomy (TT) and the effect on stimulated thyroglobulin (Tg). METHODS: The study included 1740 differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) patients who were followed up by our center. The department database was searched to identify DTC patients with residual pyramidal lobe after TT. All postoperative technetium-99m pertechnetate thyroid scintigraphy images were re-evaluated for pyramidal lobe residue. Serum stimulated Tg and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels measured within the first 6 months after TT were retrieved from the database. RESULTS: Pyramidal lobe residue was detected in 10.4% of the patients who underwent TT. Evidence of the pyramidal lobe was present on preoperative ultrasonography in 1.6% of the patients with residual pyramidal lobe. Stimulated Tg in patients with pyramidal lobe residue was significantly higher than that in patients without residue (P = .01). Endogenous stimulated TSH in patients with residual pyramidal lobe was significantly lower than that in patients without residue (P = .036). In 5.7% of patients with pyramidal lobe residue, a TSH level of >30 mIU/L was not achieved, which was a significantly higher rate than that in patients without pyramidal lobe residue (P = .034) and is the level required for maximum radioiodine uptake. CONCLUSION: Pyramidal lobe residue was found in almost 10% of DTC patients. The pyramidal lobe is often missed on preoperative ultrasonography. Residual pyramidal lobe increased stimulated Tg and decreased endogenous stimulated TSH. Residual pyramidal lobe may complicate the follow-up of DTC patients.