Deficiency in Beclin1 attenuates alcohol-induced cardiac dysfunction via inhibition of ferroptosis


Liu Y., You F., Song G., CEYLAN A. F., Deng Q., Jin W., ...More

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects, vol.1866, no.12, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 1866 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.bbagen.2022.130245
  • Journal Name: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Ethanol, Beclin1, Autophagy, Ferroptosis, Cardiac function
  • Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2022 Elsevier B.V.Background: Binge drinking leads to compromised mitochondrial integrity and contractile function in the heart although little effective remedy is readily available. Given the possible derangement of autophagy in ethanol-induced cardiac anomalies, this study was designed to examine involvement of Beclin1 in acute ethanol-induced cardiac contractile dysfunction, in any, and the impact of Beclin1 haploinsufficiency on ethanol cardiotoxicity with a focus on autophagy-related ferroptosis. Methods: WT and Beclin1 haploinsufficiency (BECN+/−) mice were challenged with ethanol for one week (2 g/kg, i.p. on day 1, 3 and 7) prior to assessment of cardiac injury markers (LDH, CK-MB), cardiac geometry, contractile and mitochondrial integrity, oxidative stress, lipid peroxidation, apoptosis and ferroptosis. Results: Ethanol exposure compromised cardiac geometry and contractile function accompanied with upregulated Beclin1 and autophagy, mitochondrial injury, oxidative stress, lipid peroxidation and apoptosis, and ferroptosis (GPx4, SLC7A11, NCOA4). Although Beclin1 deficiency did not affect cardiac function in the absence of ethanol challenge, it alleviated ethanol-induced changes in cardiac injury biomarkers, cardiomyocyte area, interstitial fibrosis, echocardiographic and cardiomyocyte mechanical properties along with mitochondrial integrity, oxidative stress, lipid peroxidation, apoptosis and ferroptosis. Ethanol challenge evoked pronounced ferroptosis (downregulated GPx4, SLC7A11 and elevated NCOA4, lipid peroxidation), the effect was alleviated by Beclin1 haploinsufficiency. Inhibition of ferroptosis using LIP-1 rescued ethanol-induced cardiac mechanical anomalies. In vitro study noted that ferroptosis induction using erastin abrogated Beclin1 haploinsufficiency-induced response against ethanol. Conclusions: In sum, our data suggest that Beclin1 haploinsufficiency benefits acute ethanol challenge-induced myocardial remodeling and contractile dysfunction through ferroptosis-mediated manner.