Gündoğan M. , Yıldırım R.

Journal of Turkish Operations Management, vol.2, no.2, pp.125-154, 2018 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 2 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Title of Journal : Journal of Turkish Operations Management
  • Page Numbers: pp.125-154


In this study, restructuring of states according to a Geometric Ratio Technique (GRT) is proposed for future developments. To visualise and simulate the restructuring, a pyramid figure is used with four layers. These layers are identified as 1L, 2L, 3L and 4L from top to down. The layer 1L shows the core size of a state government with all its staff. The power multiplier is 1 and the personnel size is found to be 1.562% of its population. The Layer 2L is generally constituted of security. Within this layer, there are three groups of security namely military, police and others. These security sectors are represented as a whole with a top management. The power multiplier of this layer is 3 and the personnel size is found to be 4.687%. The third layer 3L is research and development (R&D) layer. Currently, R&D layer is institutionally not established well in state governments worldwide. The power multiplier of this layer is 12 and its personnel size is found to be 18.75%. This layer is extremely important for the future. In terms of creating added value, it has 4 fold effects on the economy in positive or negative ways. On the other hand, it has 0.3 fold upward effect on state governments. Sectoral R&Ds in this layer are (a) agriculture, food, forestry, animal husbandry and associated industries, (b) IT, electronics and defence and (c) the remaining sectors. Proportional sizes of these sectors are assumed to be equal. The last layer 4L is production layer. Production of goods and services based on the R&Ds are done at this layer. Again, sectors in this layer are assumed to be equal in terms of quantity and importance. This layer is constituted of skilled and unskilled employees. The power multiplier of the fourth layer is 48 and the personnel size is found to be 75%. Any production beyond the identification of this study is also considered within this layer.

A GRT is used to calculate these layers and associated segments. The geometric ratio used is quite similar to the golden ratio with 3.39% error. The geometric sequence (2N + 1) is used in expanding and shrinking the layers. Sectors studied in this article are assumed to have equal size and importance. Consequently, extending and reducing rates are also assumed to be the same. Agriculture, food, animal husbandary, forestry and associated industries are studied as an integrated unified single sector.

Finally, current and future developments would require states and large companied to be restructured. Budget cuts, new investments, growths, changes, etc. are always strategic issues of governments. Establishments may expand or shrink their structures. This article shows how such restructuring could be performed according to a GRT. Furthermore, effects and consequences are also calculated with respect to changes in different segments.