Robotic Radical Cystectomy with Intracorporeal Studer Pouch Formation for Bladder Cancer: Experience in Ninety-Eight Cases.

Gok B., Atmaca A. F., Canda A. E., Asil E., Koc E., Ardicoglu A., ...More

Journal of endourology, vol.33, pp.375-382, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1089/end.2019.0036
  • Journal Name: Journal of endourology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.375-382
  • Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University Affiliated: Yes


Aim: To report the outcomes of robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) with bilateral extended pelvic lymph node dissection (BEPLND) and intracorporeal Studer pouch formation for bladder cancer. Materials and Methods: Overall 98 patients (92 males, 6 females) were included. Patient demographics, operative and postoperative variables, pathological parameters, complications, and functional outcomes were evaluated. Results: Mean age and American Society of Anesthesiologists score and body mass index were 60.9 years, 1.7 and 26 kg/m(2), respectively. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy was given to 18 patients. Mean operation time, intraoperative estimated blood loss, and mean lymph node (LN) yield were 8.22 hours, 314.6 mL, and 28.3, respectively. Mean hospitalization time was 13.6 days. There were one perioperative and one postoperative deaths, both due to cardiac arrest on postoperative 21st and 60th days. Drains were removed at a mean of 10 days. Surgical margins were positive in two patients. Postoperative pathological stages were reported as pT0 (n = 21), pTis (n = 7), pT1 (n = 7), pT2a (n = 14), pT2b (n = 14), pT3a (n = 15), pT3b (n = 11), and pT4a (n = 9). Positive LNs were found in 21 patients. Prostate cancer was incidentally detected in 23 patients. Twenty-five patients received adjuvant chemotherapy. At a mean follow-up period of 25.1 months, 13 patients died from metastatic disease and 7 from cardiac disease. According to the modified Clavien-Dindo system, 30 minor and 20 major complications were identified in the perioperative (0-30 days) period, and 6 minor and 7 major complications were detected in the postoperative (31-90 days) period. According to the available data of the 60 patients, 37 were fully continent, 14 had mild, 6 had moderate, and 4 had severe daytime incontinence. Conclusions: Due to our experience, RARC with BEPLND and intracorporeal Studer pouch reconstruction procedures are complex procedures with acceptable morbidity, excellent surgical and pathological outcomes, and satisfactory oncologic and functional results.