The concept of death (disappearance) that emerged with the beginning of questioning the existence of human, in the field of religion, philosophy, sociology, psychology, medicine and etc., including literature; has been of interest to researchers. Curiosity about the unknown has led to more thinking and research in this matter. In both Turkish and world literature this subject is often a main theme, sometimes an auxiliary theme in the works of poets and authors. The favorite themes of Ivan Alekseyevich Bunin, the first Russian writer who received the Nobel Prize in literature in 1933 with his The Life of Arseniev, are love and death. Love, which has a different meaning in the works of Bunin, leaves its place either to death or ordinariness. In our work, the theme of death which heavily takes place in the novel is divided into three subheadings as the fear of death, suffering from the loss of relatives and the pain of love which are studied in detail.