Utility of biomarkers in predicting complicated appendicitis: can immature granulocyte percentage and C-reactive protein be used?


Güngör A., Göktuğ A., Güneylioğlu M. M. , Yaradılmış R. M. , Bodur i., Öztürk B., ...More

Postgraduate Medicine, vol.133, no.7, pp.817-821, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 133 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00325481.2021.1948306
  • Title of Journal : Postgraduate Medicine
  • Page Numbers: pp.817-821
  • Keywords: Acute appendicitis, biomarkers, complicated appendicitis, immature granulocyte

Abstract

© 2021 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.Background: Acute appendicitis is the most common reason for abdominal surgery in children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of biomarkers in predicting complicated appendicitis (CA). Methods: Patients having a diagnosis of acute appendicitis who underwent operations were retrospectively determined, and the utility of biomarkers in predicting CA was evaluated. Results: A total of 251 patients were included in the study. The mean age was 130.9 ± 48.8 months, 148 of the cases (59%) were simple appendicitis, and 103 (41%) were CA. The C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, immature granulocyte (IG) percentage, white blood cell counts, and absolute neutrophil counts were significantly higher in the CA patients. The bilirubin levels and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratios were not useful for predicting CA. The best area under the curve (AUC) values to predict CA were with the IG percentage and CRP level (0.82), the IG percentage [odds ratio (OR) 9.36, 95% CI (4.94–17.75), p < 0.001] and CRP [OR 8.42, 95% CI (4.72–15.02), p < 0.001] were the best marker in predicting CA. The sensitivity of the IG percentage and CRP level were higher than other markers. Conclusion: To predict CA, the best AUC values were associated with the IG percentage and the CRP level. Because it is easy, fast to measure, does not require taking extra blood, and does not lead to additional costs, IG percentage may be preferred in the diagnosis of patients with CA.