Infections in Pediatric Burn Patients: An Analysis of One Hundred Eighty-One Patients

Gülhan B., Kanlk Yüksek S., HAYRAN K. M. , Özkaya Parlakay A., Güney D., Akln Kaǧlzmanll G., ...More

Surgical Infections, vol.21, no.4, pp.356-361, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1089/sur.2019.010
  • Title of Journal : Surgical Infections
  • Page Numbers: pp.356-361


© Copyright 2020, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers.Background: Infectious complications are one of the most life-threatening complications and result in substantial mortality and morbidity in children who have been burned. The goal of the study is to assess the risk factors for sepsis in pediatric burn patients in a referral hospital. Methods: This study was performed at the Pediatric Burn Unit of Ankara Child Health and Diseases Hematology Oncology Training and Research Hospital during the period between January 2014 and June 2017. The patients were evaluated for age, sex, burn etiology, burned body surface area (BSA), the presence of inhalation injury, sepsis, positive cultures, the micro-organisms cultured samples, and septic focus. Results: A total of 181 patients were included in the study. The most common cause of burns was scalds in 120 patients (66.3%). Forty-one patients (22.7%) developed health-care-associated infection and sepsis. Gram-negative micro-organisms were isolated in 40 (97.6%) patients (Acinetobacter spp., Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumonia) with sepsis. Carbapenem resistance was detected in 31 (93.8%) of 40 patients. Mortality was observed in 11 patients (6.1%) in the group with sepsis. Burn surface area, burn depth, C-reactive protein (CRP) values, mortality, Garcés index, and Baux index were higher in the group with sepsis (p < 0.05). Multiple regression analysis revealed that mechanism of injury (flame), burned BSA ≥25%, C-reactive protein ≥6 mg/dL (area under the curve [AUC]: 0.76 p < 0.001 and AUC: 0.90, p < 0.001, respectively) at admission were independent parameters for development of sepsis in pediatric burn patients. Conclusion: Multi-drug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii were important agents of blood stream infection in burned children. Burned BSA ≥25% and CRP ≥6 mg/dL were risk factors for developing sepsis in pediatric burn patients.