Sliding friction and wear behavior of pack-boronized aisi 1050, 4140, and 8620 steels

Soydan Y., Kossal S., De mirer A., Ĉelik V.

Tribology Transactions, vol.51, no.1, pp.74-81, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 51 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10402000701739370
  • Journal Name: Tribology Transactions
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.74-81
  • Keywords: Boronized Steels, Dry Sliding, Friction, Wear
  • Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University Affiliated: No


This paper describes the dry sliding friction and wear performance of boronized AISI 1050, 4140, and 8620 steels with the Fe2B phase coating on the surface. The studies were carried out using a pin-on-disc arrangement. The disc material was made of carburized AISI 1020 steel. For the normalized (untreated) steels, two basic wear regimes were observed; namely, oxidative and severe metallic wear. In the oxidative regime, a low wear rate of 1E-5 mm3/Nm was found. The worn surfaces of the pins and discs were smooth and covered with patchy oxides. In severe wear, the wear rate was very high (1 E-3 mm3/Nm). The worn specimens were characterized by rough surfaces, plastic deformation, and metallic wear debris. Boronizing changed the wear mechanisms of steels. The test results showed that the boronized steels underwent oxidative fatigue wear with very low wear rate of 2 E-6 mm3/Nm. In addition, boronized steels exhibited lower friction coefficient than normalized steels at a sliding speed of 2 m/s. © 2008 Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers.