H2FPEF Score and Contrast-Induced Nephropathy in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

Ozbeyaz N. B., Gokalp G., Algul E., Sahan H. F., Aydinyilmaz F., Guliyev I., ...More

Angiology, vol.74, no.2, pp.181-188, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 74 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/00033197221099425
  • Journal Name: Angiology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.181-188
  • Keywords: H2FPEF score, contrast-induced nephropathy, acute coronary syndrome, percutaneous coronary intervention
  • Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University Affiliated: No


Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is one of the most common complications associated with coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). This study evaluated the relationship between the H2FPEF (obesity (H), hypertension(H), atrial fibrillation (F), pulmonary hypertension (P), an age >60 years (E), and E/e’ > 9 (F)) score which is used to diagnose heart failure with preserved ejection fraction and CIN. Patients (n = 1346) who underwent PCI for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) between December 2018 and January 2021 were retrospectively included. Contrast-induced nephropathy patients had significantly higher H2FPEF scores (4.10 ± 1.92 vs 2.28 ± 1.56, P <.001). In addition, the H2FPEF score was found to be an independent risk factor for the development of CIN (Odd Ratio 1.633 95% CI (1.473-1.811), P <.001) together with age, diabetes mellitus, systolic pulmonary arterial pressure, and left anterior descending as an infarct-related artery. According to point biserial correlation analysis, CIN and H2FPEF score have a strong correlation (rpb =.376, P <.001). The receiver operating characteristic curve showed the optimal cutoff value of the H2FPEF score to predict the development of CIN was 2.5, with 79.8% sensitivity and 64.1% specificity. In conclusion, the H2FPEF score may predict the development of CIN in patients presenting with ACS and undergoing PCI.