Sustainable aquatic waste and by-products processing: biomaterials in tissue engineering facts and gaps

AKSUN TÜMERKAN E. T., KOZACI L. D., Miri A., Maharjan S., Cecen B.

Materials Today Sustainability, vol.23, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 23
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.mtsust.2023.100445
  • Journal Name: Materials Today Sustainability
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: Aquatic biomaterial, Bioprinting, Chip system, Extracellular matrix
  • Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University Affiliated: Yes


The need to modify aquatic waste using sterile, non-hazardous, and ecological procedures has become one of the significant challenges in its disposal. Biomaterials from aquatic species and their waste or by-products are considered renewable biosources because they are highly volatile substances or high energy inputs. The biological wastes can be recovered for biomedicine, pharmacology, and other applications. This study summarizes the current groups of aquatic biomaterials, made of plants, fish species living in freshwater or marine environments, waste biomass, biopolymers, and stabilization agents. Aquatic biomaterials from several sources are discussed in some clinical and in vitro experiments for tissue engineering purposes. The near-future demands are also demonstrated, depending on biomaterial-specific problem-solving. This review may help bioengineers discover more economical and eco-compatible biomaterial options.